Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Is Community Policing Effective? AN ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY POLICING: IS COMMUNITY POLICING AN EFFECTIVE PRACTICE? Dynamic Network Policing is a moderately new policing practice that centers around lessening the crime percentage in a zone by making collaboration and trust among residents and police. The inquiry that becomes possibly the most important factor with respect to this is whether network policing is a compelling practice. To respond to this inquiry, an investigation will be led where network policing is executed in a major city for a range of 2 years. The entirety of the residents and cops all things considered and both sexÃ¢â¬â¢s will be the exploration members. Information will be gathered by looking at the crime percentages from the earliest starting point of the examination to the furthest limit of the investigation, alongside correlation between the information at regular intervals too. The outcomes will be dissected by taking a gander at whether there were any adjustments in the crime percentages just as the measure of collaboration by residents. On the off chance that there was an abat ement in the crime percentage, at that point that will verify that network policing is in truth a compelling network policing practice that merits its additional expense. Chapter by chapter guide Presentation Writing REVIEW Articulation OF THE PROBLEM System AND ANALYSIS Conversation End REFERENCES Presentation The criminal Justice field is as of now in a period where new and inventive policing rehearses are being utilized in police divisions across America. One of these works on being actualized across the country is network policing. Network policing ranges an expansive scope of projects from neighborhood pamphlets and neighborhood substations to foot watch and neighborhood watch (Welsburd, Lum, 2013). Network PolicingÃ¢â¬â¢s primary center is to make more grounded partnerships among police and the network. The objectives of network policing are to help decrease resident dread of wrongdoing, improve police-network relations, encourage increasingly viable reactions to network issues, and lower the general measure of violations submitted (Ã¢â¬Å"Community Policing,Ã¢â¬ n.d., para. 1). While assessing the network policing rehearses there is consistently the topic of whether the training is successful and should keep on being actualized in police offices. Network Policing is a successful practice that is bolstered by various examinations and measurements that have been led and discharged in regards to this police practice. (Telep, Weisburd, 2011) The viability of network policing is estimated by analyzing an assortment of methodologies that are actualized in the training. (Owusu-Bempah, 2010) Community Policing rehearses has had incredible outcomes in urban areas, for example, Chicago where the training has been actualized in a few neighborhoods (Eig, 2002). By deciding the adequacy of network policing it decides if this training merits being executed by police divisions all through America. Writing REVIEW Welsburd and Lum (2013) portray how Charlotte Gill and partners led an investigation on the effect of network policing. The examination indicated how network policing prompted noteworthy positive advantages for resident fulfillment, saw issue, and police authenticity. Toward the finish of the article Bennett and partners took a gander at the adequacy of neighborhood watch programs, which is identified with network policing. They found that a local watch program does in truth lead to a considerable Ã¢â¬Å"crime reduction.Ã¢â¬ (Para. 10) These creators center more around the positive parts of network policing and don't portray much in the method of negatives with respect to this policing practice. Network policing includes fortifying the connection between cops and residents in the network. Ã¢â¬Å"Community PolicingÃ¢â¬ (n.d) depicts how Goldstein portrays that officials functioning intimately with individuals in the network have more prominent freedom with deciding, have positive sentiments toward residents, and have more noteworthy occupation fulfillment. One review directed on watch officials demonstrated 98 percent of officials concurred that Ã¢â¬Å"assisting citizensÃ¢â¬ is similarly as fundamental as Ã¢â¬Å"enforcing law.Ã¢â¬ (Para. 6) The creators concentrated on depicting official supposition on network policing and positive influences it has had. Network Service is a basic part of network policing that reinforces Citizens Corporation and trust. Ã¢â¬Å"The Bureau of Justice StatisticsÃ¢â¬ (n.d) depicts how Offering youth instruction and planning network outreach endeavors are viable strategies in network policing that have been used. The examination concentrated on actualizing a more noteworthy utilization of foot and bike watches and successive gatherings with local gatherings. The LEMAS review directed in 2003 uncovered 58% everything being equal, utilizing 82% of officials, and used full-time network policing officials during 2003. All Together, there were around 54,800 nearby cops alloted as network cops. These writers give information on how network policing is turning into an increasingly across the board policing practice because of its viability. Network Policing has end up being successful in networks all through America, for example, Chicago. Jonathon Eig (2002) depicts the network policing practice in Chicago which centers around something beyond foot watches. Residents structure a positive relationship with cops which cause them to accept they have a job in taking care of the areas issues. The examination portrays how in Chicago when a suspect opposed capture and started punching the official, neighborhood posse individuals raced to her guard and helped quell the man. (2002) after the execution of network policing Chicago people group have encountered falling crime percentages and a developing feeling of wellbeing in numerous areas. Fayetteville Minneapolis actualized a network policing system to decrease fierce wrongdoing tormenting the city. Greg Barnes (2014) depicts that savage wrongdoing among adolescents has fallen drastically in the wake of utilizing network policing. The examination appeared from 2006 to 2012 weapon wrongdoings including youth dropped by 57 percent and firearm violations dropped by 67 percent. Young people were 39 percent more averse to be shot and 60 percent more averse to be killed. Fayetteville Police offices employed more cops to watch avenues and the division redesigned wrongdoing battling innovation. The examination expressed that in 2013 there were around 600 less home breaks ins. Fayetteville shows how network policing is viable at decreasing wrongdoing and brutality in the network. Network policing is actualized to help control the ascent in brutality all through networks. Akwasi Owusu-Bempah (2010) depicts how officials must be effectively occupied with endeavors to upgrade the network wellbeing themselves while utilizing help from residents. Through information offering to individuals from the network, watch officials become generally proficient about the requirements and qualities of their networks. The investigation appeared during the six years after the task started (from 1995 through 2000) the quantity of manslaughters in Atlanta diminished by 27 percent. The creator portrays the positives of network policing and the information that underpins this. Articulation OF THE PROBLEM Creators have expressed that Community Policing is a generally new practice in law authorization that includes an assortment of projects which can shift contingent upon the police office. ( Telep, Weisburd, 2011; Ã¢â¬Å"Community Policing,Ã¢â¬ n.d., para. 1; Welsburd, Lum, 2013; Owusu-Bempah, 2010) However there is a constrained measure of information that decide whether network policing practice is worth for offices to use. This implies it is hazy whether network policing is a viable practice with respect to lessening wrongdoing. Strategy AND ANALYSIS The approach is separated into discrete primary centers, the examination members, research plan, and the methodology. The exploration that will be directed is investigation of how a network policing program is a powerful policing practice. The investigation will include executing a network policing program in a horror city and seeing what impact it has over a multi year length. The studyÃ¢â¬â¢s members will be separated into two separate gatherings. The primary gathering will be made out of any resident living in the city that has actualized a network policing strategy. The city for this examination is in New Haven Connecticut, which implies everybody living in the city furthest reaches of New Haven will be the exploration members. Their segment will include residents all things considered and both male and females. The subsequent gathering is made out of all the New Haven cops alloted to regions all through New Haven where they will use a network policing technique. Their segment will include cops everything being equal and both male and female officials. My plan/technique includes experimentation which will appear if network policing is a successful practice. The analysis will include actualizing a network policing practice in New Haven for a long time. The city should recruit more officials to effectively watch one explicit neighborhood their whole move. To decide whether the training was effective it will be estimated by, regardless of whether the crime percentage diminished with a network policing practice set up. The underlying crime percentage will be controlled by the quantities of different significant violations carried out the prior year network policing was executed, for example, murders, manslaughters, robberyÃ¢â¬â¢s, larcenyÃ¢â¬â¢s, attacks, and amazing burglary auto. Next the investigation will include expanding the quantity of cops on the lookout and their collaboration with residents in the particular territories they are allocated as well. Things that will be estimated are whether company among police and resident s of the city has gone up. Another angle estimated is the ascent in yearly police office costs since the network policing practice was established. In conclusion to gauge the practices accomplishment during the multi year length you look at the
Saturday, August 22, 2020
One of the expectations of this Congress, specifically, that of all the world's philosophical customs address the 'issues of human life, development, and living arrangement on earth,' can't be cultivated by demanding the methods and remedies of any one convention. In this paper I address the subject of the Congress by considering the perspectives on Johann Gottfried Herder and Hans-Georg Gadamer on training and history. Disregarding assaults on his strict loyalties, Herder bolstered what may today be called pluralism. Having contemplated history and having watched history really taking shape of perhaps the darkest second, Gadamer likewise observed the fate of the humanities in the worldwide discussion. To teach mankind, I close, reasoning should initially endeavor to comprehend the existential states of human life. Ideen is an inquisitive and somehow or another opposing work. Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) regards the humanistic standards of opportunity and social improvement and perceives the teleological and dynamic ideas of chronicled advancement. However, he doesn't limit himself to European history and sources like most others in his time and much after did. He dismissed the then predominant view that there exist some invariant laws or norms of cognizance and conduct that are material to all people at all periods and as far as which even the past ought to be judged. Despite what might be expected, he contended that each recorded age and culture has its own character and its own worth. In Book 14, section 6 of Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit (Ideas for the Philosophy of the History of Mankind, 1784-91), he compares social orders to life forms as they create in particular way and in light of the blend of ecological condi... ...Gadamer on Education, Poetry, and History. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992, p. xvii (7) Gadamer. Reason in the Age of Science. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press, 198. p. 92 (8) Aber fÃ£ ¼r kick the bucket Geisteswissenschaften dÃ£ ¼rfte es anders aussehenÃ¢â¬Das Erbe Europas. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1989, P.35 (9) Das Erbe Europas, p. 52: '. . . einer standardisierten weltzivilisation herauffÃ£ ¼hren, in der sich kick the bucket Geschichte des Planeten gleichsam in Idealstatus einer rationalen Weltverwaltung stillstellt - ' (10) See: Claude Sumner. The Source of African Philosophy: The Ethiopian Philosophy of Man. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1986. (11) See: Kwame Gyekye. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The Akan Conceptual Scheme. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987 (12) See: Paulin Hountondji. African Philosophy: Myth and Reality. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983.
Thursday, August 13, 2020
The Beginning of the End Do you know what its like to only have two classes left to graduate? Theres a feeling that goes something like ugh, if only Id taken more classes in previous terms I could have graduated by now! But I am not dwelling on that. While some of my friends have completed their requirements in three or three-and-a-half years, four years feels just right to me. Then theres the feeling of relief. Whew I dont need to cram 6 classes together to finish my degree. In fact I can proceed at a comfortable pace. I can almost take it easy! But you cant just sit around waiting for June 4th to come. At least, I cant. :D But at least I am done with grad school apps now, and am back from blogging hiatus! Ive spent so much time worrying for my future will I get into a good school? Can I get a job? Can I ensure that Ive made the best out of my four years at MIT? Will I end up broke and homeless? :X I feel so out of touch with everyone. Being a second-semester senior in college sure feels different from being a second semester senior in high school. What on earth do you guys even need to know about nowadays? Comment below. ;)
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Many United States school districts have recently taken steps towards raising studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ values of self-concepts of themselves, or their self-esteem. Most of us correlate negative self-concepts, or low self-esteem, with learning difficulties and social reclusion. Recent psychological research has also discovered that inflated self-concept is correlated to violence, including bullying and even criminal acts. While reminiscent of the neo-Freudian Narcissistic Personality Indicator, Carl RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ phenomenological theory is a better explanation of the apparent drive towards bullying and positive self-concepts. Rogers defines self-concept (hereafter the self) as the stable, but malleable, and organized pattern of perceptions about oneself (Cervon and Pervin (20140). The self is further divided up into two categories the individual can perceive: the actual self and the ideal self. The actual self consists of accurate perceptions about the individual in the present time, while the ideal self is constructed from whom the individual wishes to be and realistically achieve it. The Rogerian self is merely a perception; the individual has the final say in his or her action. Thus, the self would be considered the structure of RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ phenomenological theory. In the process portion of his theory, Rogers believed that all individuals basically move towards self-actualization, or the pursuit towards personal growth, complexity, maturity, and freedom. Also part of the self is self-esteem, orShow MoreRelatedThe Concept Of The Self Essay1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Concept of the Self The concept of self is a notion that is used to describe who an individual is and how he/she is in the study of personality. In examining the concept of the self, the social world plays a crucial role because humans are basically relational or social beings. As compared to animals, humans have the ability to interact and cooperate in discovering solutions to the issues of everyday life in relation to survival and reproduction. Within the social world, the concept of theRead MoreSelf Theory And Self Concept970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSelf-Concept From the moment of birth, the need to communicate is evident. When babies come out of the womb they non-verbally communicate by crying, and the crying communicates that they are afraid and need comforting. Infants communicate in many non-verbal ways, such as pointing at something that the infant wants or by smiling because the infant got something he or she likes. From infancy to adulthood, communication develops into a mix of verbal and non-verbal forms. Communication is so importantRead MoreThe Concept Of Self Identity1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe concept of Self-Identity, and the theories that relate to it, are ever-present in Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein. The concept of Self-Identity is a Psychological concept that many famous Psychologists have spent years studying. The main theories of self-identity that relate to the story of Frankenstein are those by Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The ideas of Sigmund FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of Superego, Id, an d Ego are represented by VictorÃ¢â¬â¢s father, the creation, and Victor withRead MoreAdolescent And Their Concept Of Self1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestime, between 12 and 18 years of age, when dynamic changes occur. Adolescents not only experience profound physical change during this period Ã¢â¬â they also undergo a revolution in the way they think. This essay focuses on the adolescent and their concept of self, with a discussion of the predictable and unpredictable events that they are known to face. Although each adolescent will mature according to their own unique timetable. The following sections will more thoroughly explain and explore each of theseRead MoreThe Concept Of Self And Selflessness1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe concept of self and selflessness is prime to all Indian philosophies. Two of IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s most popular religious systems, Jainism and Buddhism, teach renunciation of the self in order to reach Samadhi and Dharma (i.e. enlightenment, breaking free from th e cycle of rebirth and correct living) (Collins, 1990). While Jainism vehemently espouses denial of self, both as an ideological concept and as a tangible reality, Buddhism teaches renunciation of self by way of still using the self as a vehicle forRead MoreThe Concept Theory Of Self1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe process of choosing which of the Ã¢â¬Å"big threeÃ¢â¬ theories of self I identify most with was not a difficult choice for me. The difference theory was a definite no for me. I firmly believe that, while gender does influence, it is definite that a woman is going to be nurturing or man is going to be a provider. The self cannot be put into neat boxes such as those. The rational maximizer theory seemed a little too selfish to me and way too limited by governing bodies, circumstances, and society. Read MoreThe Concept Of Self Actualization878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe concept of self-actualization, as discussed in the assigned article, is, at its core, a tool through w hich individuals achieve well-being by reaching their fully-functioning human potential. (Deci, Ryan, Guay, 2013). Although self-determination theory does not use the specific term Ã¢â¬Å"actualizationÃ¢â¬ of human potential, it does suggest that the highest psychological state for an individual is to be Ã¢â¬Å"full functioning,Ã¢â¬ or using all Ã¢â¬Å"capacities for experience, connection, and proactivity.Ã¢â¬ (DeciRead MoreSocialization and Self Concept733 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Socialization is a big part of our lives it goes hand in hand with our self concept. Self concept helps us understand who we are and how we think we look compared to other people. How you view yourself plays a very important role in your life. Although we view ourselves one way our self concept may be distorted. My experience is a very recent one that intrigued me because it made me see how important our self concept is. I realized that individuals can be in a way erased from society if theyRead MoreThe Elements Of Self Concept954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Success Story This essay will explain the elements of self-concept. Ã¢â¬Å"Self-concept is composed of those stable ideas about who you areÃ¢â¬ (Floyd 72). I will first be explaining what I think I am good at and what makes me good at it. I will then take 10 characteristics of myself and explain how they represent my self-concept. Lastly, I will be taking these 10 characteristics and describing how they got to be on my self-concept list. When I was younger and chose what I wanted to be when I grew upRead MoreThe Emergence Of Self Concept1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Emergence of Self Throughout our history the idea of self has developed and proved to be a dominant concept that Americans have come to understand. Not defined or found in lineage, religion, or history, the concept of self is defined by a collection of values. These values and principles are rooted in individualism, self-actualization, and self-reliance where people are able to fulfill their own destiny and believe in the promise that through ward work and determination life can be different
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
I am most interested in being an Architect as a future career. An Architect plan and design houses, factories and any other structures. This kind of matches my career workstyles because my number one work style was investigative and this somewhat matches it because I guess this job could involve some of that because all the new stuff you learn from it but it s more of a creative job, which was my second highest one. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s more of a creative job because you re building things and drawing and you need to be very creative to do that (which I am) and you need to be creative because this job requires a lot of thinking. When you build the models you need to think about all kinds of things like is it safe, is it built right and many more questions you will need to constantly ask yourself. I want to be an Architect because I always wanted to design my own house. I wanted to be an Architect for a while now. I have always liked building and designing things and just being able to see the finished process, so this is why I want to be an Architect. An Architect helps designs houses for people or for a business. He does this by using a computer program, doing it on paper or making a 3D model of the house. I would enjoy this job because I like to draw and use a computer and I like to help build things. This relates to my work behavior style because I will be getting paid good and I don t have designated hours to work on it, I would just need to have it done before a certain time. TheShow MoreRelatedOccupational Research Report: A Career as an Architect Essays1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis Occupational Research Report is based on the career information obtained on the occupation of architecture. if focuses on the potential career of being an architect, the steps leading to obtaining a position and training, as well as the future growth and outlook of this occupation. According to Lee W. 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Three main components that will ultimately be my decisive factors in the matter are as follows. The education required to enable a job opportunity is the career paths most essential element. Along with the necessary schooling, one must possess or build the skills needed to complete the choice careers responsibilities. Although money may seem greedy and narrow-minded I want to be positive;Read MoreArchitecture There are many talented architects in the world and some that made the most1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesArchitecture There are many talented architects in the world and some that made the most magnificent structures. The Eiffel Tower is a structure that is built in France by the famous architect Stephen Sauvestre (interior design and drafting careers). Vespasian and Titus created one of the most interesting structures in the world the roman coliseum, this structure was built in 70 AD (interior design and drafting careers). Architects have done a lot in our world with building even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s from a houseRead MoreA Brief Note On The Architect Of Canada813 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow to Become an Architect in Canada A career in architecture can pave the way for a rewarding future in the design of homes, buildings, and other structures. Architects use computer aided design (CAD) software to create the blueprints for residential and commercial structures. Some create plans that builders will use as templates for new construction throughout your city or province, while others create unique, one-of-a-kind buildings. Once you learn how to become an architect in Canada, you canRead MoreWhat Type Of Career Is It Preparing You For?1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe first question that I was presented was, Ã¢â¬Å"What type of career is it preparing you for?Ã¢â¬ That is really a hard question to answer properly. I have had many ideas of different careers that I have wanted to be in. Each career option I have thought about donÃ¢â¬â¢t really coincide with each other that much. When I was younger I thought of being a Paleontologist. Thanks to my reading of Jurassic Park and having the movie. I was only seven at the time but that is what I want to do. Later on I wanted toRead MoreEssay On Architecture Is A Lot More Than Bluepri nts1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgreener and more sustainable architecture, are just a couple of issues architects face today. To stay relevant in the architectural industry, it is advantageous to be well informed of new technologies and up and coming software. One of the major impacts of technology in the architectural field is that can be challenging for established architects. More specifically, I think that these new designs software programs obligate the architect to spend more time learning and developing technical abilities inRead MoreEssay about Architecture Career bound1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCareer Bound I have always been interested in fixing things and trying to make things look better; even as a kid helping my dad in construction projects was so fun. It was my father who passed the trade down to me and the ease to try to work around certain problems. I might not always have made the proper choices within the field but found myself very interested in the work. Yes, I probably did not want to get out of bed to work in carpentry or painting some days but I really enjoy restoring, bringingRead MoreFrank Lloyd Wright s Life, Career, Influences And Impact On The Way We See American Architecture1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand most influential architect and arguably the greatest architect of the 20th century from anywhere in the world. Wright is known and respected throughout the world for his innovative and modern designs. As an architect Wright developed an organic and what became known as a distinctively American style throughout his work. Many believe that Frank Lloyd Wright changed th e way we build and and live in the modern world. This essay will examine and evaluate Wrights life, career, influences and impactRead MoreMarine Engineers and Military Workers Essay1067 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn this essay I will describe to you why I decided for my career to be a Marine Engineer and also any Marine Employee. I will help you understand why, by going through the topics of education, the history, duties, job requirements, advancement through the career, and any benefits that come with it. The 1st thing that I am going to talk about is the education requirements. For you to become a Marine Engineer or Naval Architect you must have at least a BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree and there is also no on
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
War, by its very nature, is an act that is a display of horror, violence, terror, suffering and most of all death (William Einwechter, 2004). But the question is, can the engagement of a nation in a war be considered just? What exactly is a just war? By definition, a just war is a conflict that is engaged by two nations with a fixed set of rules for combat (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006). But this exception applies if the two combatants possess similar traits (Philiosophy, 2006). We will write a custom essay sample on Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the Christian perspective, war, or the engagement in it, is bound by certain qualifications to make the war devoid of sin (Einwechter, 2004). God Himself has depicted Himself as a warrior, waging wars on the unrighteous (Einwechter, 2004). It would be understood that if warfare is inherently evil, then warfare would not be a correct and accurate depiction of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s character (Einwechter, 2004). And second, God directly ordered his people to engage in war, to annihilate threats to their country and people (Einwechter, 2004). But to better get a grasp of war, we must include in the two views that are inherent in the decision to see if a war is right or wrong. The pacifist belief holds that all war or the engagement in war is inherently wrong, while the realist belief states that in war, all is fair and right (John Buell, 2002). But the concept of engaging in war cannot be deduced to the superiority of one party over the other in terms of military might (Paul Ramsey, 2002). To Christians, what is made as the case for declaring a war unjust is when the commandment against killing is viewed in a legalistic manner, precluding all other interpretations (Ramsey, 2002). The war on terrorism cannot be viewed therefore as a just and correct conflict (Dale Snauwaert, 2002). Terrorism is not an identifiable enemy, just as what God commanded in the ordering of wars against certain and specific people (Einwechter, 2004). As President BushÃ¢â¬â¢s statement attests, the war is on terrorism, not on a single threat of a nation or alliance (Snauwaert, 2002). The PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"warÃ¢â¬ is not with a terrorist nation, but an ideology, a strategy (Snauwaert, 2002). Secondly, in the Bush war, the threat is not imminent (Snauwaert, 2002). It is what the government calls Ã¢â¬Å"pre-emptive actionÃ¢â¬ , an attack against a perceived, not an actual, threat (Snauwaert, 2002). The mandate for the use of violence, such as in engaging in war, is the prevention of violence, not the spread of it (David Nils Gyllenhaal). Citing from law enforcement, if a criminal will do more harm if he is not killed, then the actions in war is to stop the incidence of a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in spreading its violence, and that will take force to accomplish (Gyllenhaal). References Buell, J. (2002). Just war theory and the wars of the 20th century. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from http://www. yale. edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2002/3/02. 03. 01. x. html Einwechter, W. (2004). A Christain Perspective on just war. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from http://www. visionforumministries. org/issues/ballot_ box/a_christian_perspective_on_jus. aspx Gyllenhaal, D. (n. d. ). Just war theory: a new church perspective. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from http://www. newphilosophyonline. org/journal/data/111a/Gyllenhaal_ArticleÃ¢â¬â New_Philosophy_January-June_2008. pdf. Ramsey, P. (2002). The Just War: Force and Political Responsibilty. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield 2002 Snauwaert, D. T. (2002). The Bush doctrine and just war theory. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from http://www. trinstitute. org/ojpcr/6_1snau. pdf. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2006). Just war theory. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from http://www. iep. utm. edu/j/justwar. htm How to cite Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Lifeless bodies with slashed throats were found In the mountains of Virginia nearly six years ago. This is quite a disturbing image; the unfortunate result of a hate crime. What exactly is a hate crime? The American Psychological Association defines hate crimes as violent acts against people, property, or organizations because of the group to which they belong or identify with (1). The different groups usually involved include homosexuals, ethnic groups, and religion affiliations. Dry.Jack McDermott, a criminologist at Northeastern university In Boston, said hate crimes are forms of messages the offender wants to send to members of certain ropes letting them know they are unwelcome in that neighborhood, community, school or workplace (PAP, 1). According to CNN. Com, Darrell David Rice of Columbia, Maryland, was found guilty of committing the 1 996 slayings of hikers Julienne Merle Williams and Laura Lowell Wines, who were the girls In the opening disturbing Image. Rice Is serving an 11- year sentence in federal prison in Petersburg, Virginia, for attempting to abduct and kill a female bicyclist in the same park in 1997. In Jasper, Texas ;the deadly attack on Matthew Sheppard, a gay student In Laramie, Wyoming ;the shooting rampage targeting minority citizens In Chicago ;the shootings of children at a Jewish community center in Los Angles ;the murder of Joseph Santos Little, a Filipino-American mail carrier A report done by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) states that 7,947 hate crime incidents were reported. In 1 995, a comparison of states showed that California was at the top of the charts with 1,751 incidents reported, and Florida stood with 164 incidents (2).The total number of hate crimes only decreased by less than a hundred between 1995 and 1999. While these numbers may seem relatively small, the Southern Poverty Law Center has posted more dramatic statistics: every hour someone commits a hate crime, every day eight blacks, three whites, three gays, three In order to prevent the hate crimes from occurring, different things are being done in order to prevent and deal with the hate cr imes. In schools, the Anti-Defamation League websites suggests planning ahead by doing the following (1): 1 . Work with your school administration to establish a plan for responding promptly to hate incidents and hate crimes. 2. Educate school staff on how to recognize hate-motivated incidents and hate crimes. 3. Establish procedures for reporting hate-motivated incidents/crimes. 4. Establish school policies which clearly indicate that hate-motivated behavior will not be tolerated. On a wider scale, since the sass research on hate crimes has increased, especially from those in the fields of criminology and law enforcement.There focus is primarily on reporting the frequency of the problem and preparing criminal Justice responses to it. While many hate motivated crimes go unreported, the number of reported incidents is up. However, with special training, people are prepared to deal with the situations. According to Wesley, the first professionals to respond to the scene of a hate crime are police officers. How they act in the situation will affect the outcome of the incident.Wesley stated, law enforcement agencies have a pivotal role in responding to, investigating, prosecuting, and preventing hate crimes. Training is given to the Alice officers in order to carry out their role. Wesley said the training includes how to recognize and investigate potential hate crimes, have clear protocols on how to respond to hate violence, and develop innovative programs for preventing the hate crimes. Along with the professional training of police personnel, laws against hate crimes have been enforced in some states.As of 1999, there are only eleven states that do not have hate crime laws: South Carolina, Hawaii, Wyoming, New York, Kentucky, Rhode Island, New Mexico, Kansas, Arkansas, Georgia and Indiana. The anti-hate laws may not be well known but there are some out there. For example, the Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act provides assistance to state and local law enforcement agencies and amend federal law to streamline the investigation and prosecution of hate crimes. This bill will change the already existing law, adding crimes against sexual orientation, gender, and disability. This law also allows authority to respond to all crimes covered by the existing law, meaning crimes based on race, color, national origin, and religion (1). The number of hate crimes is slowly being decreased and the number of laws It may seem impossible to eliminate all the hate crimes that are occurring, but with ore research, training, and handling each situation as they arise more seriously, America is slowly on its way to eliminating the problem of hate crimes.